Cognitive behavioral therapy, commonly referred to as CBT, combines two therapeutic techniques, known as cognitive and behavior therapy. CBT is based on identifying and changing destructive thought patterns that negatively influence behavior. This type of therapy helps a person understand how thoughts and actions affect the way one feels. CBT sessions focus on current problems and solutions, unlike traditional therapies that bring up past issues.
Negative beliefs and attitudes can worsen emotional difficulties, depression, anxiety, and other mental health disorders. This goal-oriented therapy teaches a person to build new habits that can positively change their feelings and behavior. Thoughts are challenged and replaced with more realistic views, so that positive, healthy behavior can follow.
The length of therapy is different for everyone, but it is generally considered short-term therapy. Therapy sessions range from around 10 to 20 sessions, with the appropriate amount determined by the therapist.